With interest in carbon-neutral aviation at an all-time high, one of the main questions being asked is: are there any resource limitations for the implementation of H2-powered aviation on a global scale?
To answer this question, we investigated the energy, water and raw material demands for different scenarios and compared these to the availabilities from a global and regional perspective.
The key findings are:
- An effective recycling infrastructure and an increase in production especially for iridium is necessary to cover future demands
- From a global perspective, there are no energy or water conflicts found, but from a regional perspective, the technical potential for renewable energy sources as well as the water availability can be a limiting factor for H2 production depending on the region
- For regions with water scarcity near the sea, desalination is a viable alternative for the freshwater demand. For regions with low availability of renewable energy sources and freshwater, the import of hydrogen is the most viable option
Open Access Article: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecmx.2023.100435